Lapidary

Lapidary (commonly mis-spelled lapadary) means "concerned with stones".  The field of lapidary is the craft of working, forming and finishing stone, mineral, gemstones, and other suitably durable materials (glass, amber, shell, pearl, horn, bone) into functional, decorative, or wearable, items.  Some examples of lapidary in jewelry are cameos, cabochons, and faceted stones. A person who does lapidary is called a Lapidist, which may include cutting, carving, faceting or polishing rocks or gemstones.

Lapidary is most commonly associated with jewelry and decorative household items (bookends, clock faces, decorative pieces).  A specialized form of lapidary work is the inlaying of stones into a marble matrix, known in English as "pietra dura" for the hard stones like onyx, jasper and carnelian that are used.

There are three broad categories of lapidary arts. These are tumbling, cabochon cutting, and faceting.
 
Most lapidary work is performed using motorized equipment and resin or metal bonded diamond tooling in successively decreasing particle sizes until a polish is achieved. Often, the final polish will use a different medium, such as tin oxide, glasitite or cerium oxide. Older techniques, still popular with hobbyists, used bonded grinding wheels of silicon carbide, with a diamond tipped saw. Diamonds are used as a cutting medium because of its extreme hardness.
 
Other forms of lapidary include: casting, faceting, carving, jewelery, mosaics. There is a collection of gem and mineral shows held in Tucson, Arizona at the beginning of February each year. This group of shows constitutes the largest gem and mineral event in the world. The event was originally started with the Tucson Gem and Mineral Society Show and has now grown to include dozens of other independent shows.

 
lapadary
 
FACET ROUGH SCAPOLITE 58.10 CARATS #768 PayPal

FACET ROUGH SCAPOLITE 58.10 CARATS #768

Price: $29.00 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 36m
FACET ROUGH SCAPOLITE 53.32 CARATS #834 PayPal

FACET ROUGH SCAPOLITE 53.32 CARATS #834

Price: $19.00 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 37m
28 pcs. SODALITE CABOCHONS PayPal

28 pcs. SODALITE CABOCHONS

Price: $48.99 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 38m
FACET ROUGH SCAPOLITE 24.89 CARATS #321 PayPal

FACET ROUGH SCAPOLITE 24.89 CARATS #321

Price: $9.00 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 38m
30 pcs Assorted AGATE CABOCHONS PayPal

30 pcs Assorted AGATE CABOCHONS

Price: $48.99 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 38m
9 pcs. MARCASITE & SPHALERITE CABOCHONS PayPal

9 pcs. MARCASITE & SPHALERITE CABOCHONS

Price: $24.99 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 38m
Crystally & gorgeous 22mm x 30mm RHODONITE CABOCHON PayPal

Crystally & gorgeous 22mm x 30mm RHODONITE CABOCHON

Price: $14.98 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 39m
FIVE 13mm x 18mm MALACHITE CABOCHONS PayPal

FIVE 13mm x 18mm MALACHITE CABOCHONS

Price: $14.98 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 39m
Gorgeous! 26mm x 45mm PETRIFIED WOOD CABOCHON PayPal

Gorgeous! 26mm x 45mm PETRIFIED WOOD CABOCHON

Price: $14.98 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 40m
AAA- Grade Sugilite rough from Kalahari Manganese Fields. PayPal

AAA- Grade Sugilite rough from Kalahari Manganese Fields.

Price: $39.84 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 48m
Polished Blue lace agate gallei from Blinkpan, Namibia. PayPal

Polished Blue lace agate gallei from Blinkpan,  Namibia.

Price: $27.08 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 56m
Polished Blue lace agate gallei from Blinkpan, Namibia. PayPal

Polished Blue lace agate gallei from Blinkpan,  Namibia.

Price: $27.08 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 56m
Polished Blue lace agate gallei from Blinkpan, Namibia. PayPal

Polished Blue lace agate gallei from Blinkpan,  Namibia.

Price: $27.08 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 56m
Polished Blue lace agate gallei from Blinkpan, Namibia. PayPal

Polished Blue lace agate gallei from Blinkpan,  Namibia.

Price: $24.51 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 56m
Polished Blue lace agate gallei from Blinkpan, Namibia. PayPal

Polished Blue lace agate gallei from Blinkpan,  Namibia.

Price: $24.51 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 57m
Polished Blue lace agate gallei from Blinkpan, Namibia. PayPal

Polished Blue lace agate gallei from Blinkpan,  Namibia.

Price: $24.51 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 57m
Polished Blue lace agate gallei from Blinkpan, Namibia. PayPal

Polished Blue lace agate gallei from Blinkpan,  Namibia.

Price: $24.51 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 57m
Polished Blue lace agate gallei from Blinkpan, Namibia. PayPal

Polished Blue lace agate gallei from Blinkpan,  Namibia.

Price: $25.37 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 57m
Polished Blue lace agate gallei from Blinkpan, Namibia. PayPal

Polished Blue lace agate gallei from Blinkpan,  Namibia.

Price: $25.37 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 57m
Polished Blue lace agate gallei from Blinkpan, Namibia. PayPal

Polished Blue lace agate gallei from Blinkpan,  Namibia.

Price: $25.37 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 57m