Lapidary

Lapidary (commonly mis-spelled lapadary) means "concerned with stones".  The field of lapidary is the craft of working, forming and finishing stone, mineral, gemstones, and other suitably durable materials (glass, amber, shell, pearl, horn, bone) into functional, decorative, or wearable, items.  Some examples of lapidary in jewelry are cameos, cabochons, and faceted stones. A person who does lapidary is called a Lapidist, which may include cutting, carving, faceting or polishing rocks or gemstones.

Lapidary is most commonly associated with jewelry and decorative household items (bookends, clock faces, decorative pieces).  A specialized form of lapidary work is the inlaying of stones into a marble matrix, known in English as "pietra dura" for the hard stones like onyx, jasper and carnelian that are used.

There are three broad categories of lapidary arts. These are tumbling, cabochon cutting, and faceting.
 
Most lapidary work is performed using motorized equipment and resin or metal bonded diamond tooling in successively decreasing particle sizes until a polish is achieved. Often, the final polish will use a different medium, such as tin oxide, glasitite or cerium oxide. Older techniques, still popular with hobbyists, used bonded grinding wheels of silicon carbide, with a diamond tipped saw. Diamonds are used as a cutting medium because of its extreme hardness.
 
Other forms of lapidary include: casting, faceting, carving, jewelery, mosaics. There is a collection of gem and mineral shows held in Tucson, Arizona at the beginning of February each year. This group of shows constitutes the largest gem and mineral event in the world. The event was originally started with the Tucson Gem and Mineral Society Show and has now grown to include dozens of other independent shows.

 
lapadary
 
16.8 carat turquoise cab, 27 x 20 x 5mm, use as is or add more polish PayPal

16.8 carat turquoise cab,  27 x 20 x 5mm,  use as is or add more polish

Price: $5.00 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 36m
CHRYSOCOLLA TURQUOISE MIX 4-5 ON THE MOAH SCALE NATURAL ROUGH 493 GRAMS PayPal

CHRYSOCOLLA TURQUOISE MIX 4-5 ON THE MOAH SCALE NATURAL ROUGH 493 GRAMS

Price: $49.95
Buy It Now: $68.00
Time Left: 1h 2m
Obsidian Gold Sheen Oregon slab napping Stone PayPal

Obsidian Gold Sheen Oregon slab napping Stone

Price: $19.99 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 1h 19m
Washington State Gambler's Jade --- Uncut Roughs, 13 Pieces, 10+ Pounds PayPal

Washington State Gambler's Jade --- Uncut Roughs,  13 Pieces,  10+ Pounds

Price: $35.00 (7 Bids)
Time Left: 1h 28m
Silicon Carbide Sanding Roll 400 Grit 3"x15' PayPal

Silicon Carbide Sanding Roll 400 Grit 3"x15'

Price: $19.99 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 1h 37m
Labradorite Stones Reiki healing Chakra crystal slab cabbing un-Polished PayPal

Labradorite Stones Reiki healing Chakra crystal slab cabbing un-Polished

Price: $15.99 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 1h 37m
Diastick 14K Diamond Polish Stick Lapidary Faceting PayPal

Diastick 14K Diamond Polish Stick Lapidary Faceting

Price: $29.99 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 1h 37m
Obsidian Rainbow Sheen Oregon slab napping Stone PayPal

Obsidian Rainbow Sheen Oregon slab napping Stone

Price: $24.99 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 1h 37m
Bacon Opal Slabs Cabbing Display PayPal

Bacon Opal Slabs Cabbing Display

Price: $24.99 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 1h 37m
Obsidian Stone Black Sheen Cabbing Slabbing Napping Carving Tumbling PayPal

Obsidian Stone Black Sheen Cabbing Slabbing Napping Carving Tumbling

Price: $15.99 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 1h 37m
Red Grape Agate Stones Cabbing Slabbing Display Tumbling PayPal

Red Grape Agate Stones Cabbing Slabbing Display Tumbling

Price: $22.99 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 1h 37m
Obsidian Rainbow Sheen Oregon slab napping Stone PayPal

Obsidian Rainbow Sheen Oregon slab napping Stone

Price: $39.99 (0 Bids)
Time Left: 1h 37m